Let’s decode dys-graph-ia together.

Written expression is the acquisition of efficient writing skills according to the Literacy and Clinical Services Council. A developmental delay in written expression is dysgraphia.

There are six types. Do you know them all?

Types of Dysgraphia

Dysgraphia has been misrepresented alongside dyslexia for many years. The misrepresentation has happened because there was a lack of differentiation between the two.

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Involves the sensory input a person receives from their environment.


Creates an interference between oral and written expression.

Sentence Formation

Difficulties in punctuation, capitalization, grammar, and run-on words.


Reflects a delay in motor control, accuracy, precision, and speed of handwriting.

Word Formation

The inability to link the patterns of letters to create words. 

Paragraph Formation

Difficulties in understanding language to form proper paragraphs.

Learn the Types of Dysgraphia

The foundation of dysgraphia is the ability to process information. To begin processing information, a person must be able to interpret visual-spatial information and respond in written form.

Developmental Stages of Reading

Reading is divided into 5 main categories: Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, Vocabulary, Fluency, and Comprehension. 

Developmental Stages of Writing

Writing is divided into 7 stages: Single Mark, Scribbling, Pre-Writing, Letter/Shape Formation, Phonemic Writing, Syllabic Development, and Conversational Writing.

Educational Classifications

The 13 Educational Classifications include Autism, Blindness, Deafness, Emotional Disturbance, Hearing Impairment, Intellectual Disability, Multiple Disabilities, Orthopedic Impairment, Other Health Impairment, Specific Learning Disability, Speech or Language Impairment, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Visual Impairment.

Of the 13 Educational Classifications, the two primary classifications relating to dysgraphia are Specific Learning Disability and Other Health Impairment.

Information processing is an individual’s ability to learn and retain new information; that is, decode, interpret, and respond with efficiently coded and written words.

Cheri Dotterer, Handwriting Brain-Body DisConnect

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